Cetinje - Lovcen area

This area includes the capital of Montenegro - Podgorica, National Park Lovcen and quiet village. The area is very attractive for tourists and passes through it most of the excursion group on the way through Montenegro.

CETINJE (city of 15 384, 18 500 inhabitants municipalities)

In Cetinje, once the seat of the metropolitans and rulers of Montenegro, and is still the capital of this interesting city and the seat of the President of Montenegro, the seat of the Montenegrin Orthodox Church and Serbian Orthodox Church Metropolitanate. In addition, Cetinje is a very important economic, educational and cultural center, a city of museums and memories from the Montenegrin past, the city-hero. Recently, Cetinje establish itself as a significant tourist town and a place of pilgrimage, is in this city situated Christian relics: the icon of the Virgin Filermosa and particles of the Holy Cross of Jesus.

In Cetinje museums (Castle of King Nikola, Njegoš Museum, Historical Museum, Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Art) and in the treasures of the Cetinje Monastery get to know the entire history of Montenegro and richness of its cultural and artistic heritage and folk art. You will see and one of the most miraculous icon in the world - Virgin Filermosa.

With Njegosh Biljarda located relief 'map' of Montenegro 1916/17 year, built by (performed) Austrian umjetnici.Njen author is sculptor Marko Brežanin.

Cetinje is a city of museums, city of art and higher educational center.

In addition to visits to museums, you can walk through the city and see other interesting buildings and monuments: Zeta House (theater), the building of the former 12 embassies, the Girls' Institute (now the student and pupil's home), and then go up the trail to Eagle rubble, the tomb of Prince Danilo, founder of the dynasty Petrovic. Beautiful view from the Orlov Krs to town and Lovcen. It can be reached by asphalt road which is located to the left of the Cetinje Monastery, and the Metropolitan's. There is dire, mountain trails.

Visit the old and new Montenegrin capital should be used for a trip to Lovcen and visit the Mausoleum Njegoš.

Cetinje is up to the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia had a highly developed industry, where he led the company of the electrical industry 'ARRIS. In the city there are now several successful private companies in the field of food, crafts and trade.

The pride of the town and municipality of the General Hospital 'Danilo I' which has a long tradition. Health from Cetinje is much better than residents of many other cities. Not only because of the influence of climate, but also for continuous care health workers for their health.

Tourist Cetinje has a rich gastronomic offer, from the numerous bars and restaurants to hotels 'Grand', the successor of the former 'Lokando'. In the second year of this century at the 'Grand' is open and tourist center, and the city has received the first private hotel.

With an altitude of 610 meters and lush greenery, Cetinje is in summer an ideal place for a night of rest and sleep. Since only a half hour drive to the sea, an excellent combination of nights in Cetinje and living room on the beautiful beaches of Budva Riviera, swimming in the sea and evening entertainment on the coast. Visit the old and new Montenegrin capital should be used for a trip to Lovcen and visit the Mausoleum Njegoš. How did you find out how by visiting the museum was created in Montenegro, we recommend visiting the church on Ćipuru, final resting place of King Nikola Petrovic (last ruler of the dynasty Petrović dvjestagodišnjoj rule), in his life of Queen Milena and their daughter.

The oldest building in town is the church of Wallachia, which is mentioned in 1450, and the most important is the Cetinje monastery. Wallachia church have raised Vlach shepherds who were guarding the cattle Zeta nobility. The church has many times sheltered and persecuted Zeta patriots and aristocrats. Around the church is a unique fences of rifle barrels that Montenegrins are captured in battle against the Turks in the wars in the second half of the 19th century.

In 1484 the ruler Ivan Crnojevic is in place Ćipur raised a small but beautiful monastery, with its church covered with lead roof. In that church, and was buried in 1490. The monastery is in the course of its existence four times was burned and destroyed by the Turks, but each time the will and commitment of the people was restored. When In 1692, demolished, rebuilt nine years later, but the foundations of the castle Ivana Crnojevića.

In Cetinje museums (Castle of King Nikola, Njegoš Museum, Historical Museum, Ethnographic Museum, Museum of Art) and in the treasures of the Cetinje Monastery get to know the entire history of Montenegro and richness of its cultural and artistic heritage and folk art. You will see and one of the most miraculous icon in the world - Virgin Filermosa. How to prepare its move, inquire about the new location of this important icons.

With Njegosh Biljarda located relief 'map' of Montenegro 1916/17 year, built by (performed) Austrian umjetnici.Njen author is sculptor Marko Brežanin.

In Cetinje there are significant educational and cultural institutions: the Faculty of Fine Arts, Faculty of Dramatic Arts, University (College) Music Arts, Central Library 'Djurdje Crnojevic', Archives of Montenegro, two secondary and elementary schools, the Republic Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments Gallery of Art and the city library 'Njegoš'.

Cetinje Monastery

Cetinje monastery has long been a political and spiritual center of Montenegro. How he eventually became weak with your space for the most important state institutions, Njegoš in 1838, with generous help of Russia, built a new building for the purposes of ruling and state authorities, which was later named Biljarda. It was named after billiard at which Njegos and his guests often played. Billiards Billiard House was also the first billiards in Montenegro. After construction Trillions of Cetinje monastery was the only spiritual center of Montenegro.

In Cetinje Monastery is once worked other Montenegrin printing house, which in 1834 brought from Russia Bishop Petar II Petrovic,. It worked until 1852, when her letters were melted down in the rifle slugs out to Montenegrins could guard against Omer Pasha Latas.

The complex of buildings of the monastery was harmoniously composed and looks very impressive on every visitor. The monastery church of the Virgin Birth is a one-nave building, vaulted, with side choirs and narthex. Above the narthex is the hall, followed by a bell tower. Inside the church is, among other things, the life of St. Petra. Bishop and ruler of Montenegro, Petar I Petrovic has moved into eternity 1830. From the great respect and worship of St. Petra against committed bogougodnih and miraculous works of life, this holy place is popularly called the Monastery of St. Peter of Cetinje.

The monastery church contains the tombs of Prince Danilo and Grand Duke Mirko Petrovic. Grave women of Prince Danilo, Princess Darinka and daughter Olga is located in the courtyard of the Monastery, where the tomb of Bishop Sava and Mitrofan Ban.

The treasury of the Cetinje Monastery are kept very valuable relics, and in particular decorated the chapel of St. John placed the most holy of Christianity: St. arm. John the Baptist and Jesus of the cross piece with his Golgotha. It is very interesting that these sacred relics due to Cetinje Monastery. The abbreviated story looks like this: The Holy Apostle Luke went to the tomb of St. John the Baptist in Samaria (Sevastí) and asked to be allowed to transfer his earthly remains to the church of Sv. John of Damascus. How does he do Christians Samaria were not allowed, he prayed that he be given at least hand st. Jovan. The arm is obtained and is situated in the said church.

In the tenth century Arabs conquered a large part of Asia and appeared in danger of getting their hands on the sacred relics of Damascus, and the archdeacon John secretly conveyed hand st. John in Cappadocia, then to Constantinople. Visiting Constantinople church, holy hand is finally deposited in the church of Saint Sophia. And there remained almost five centuries.

The Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453, when it ruled by Sultan Selim III. In 1458, Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II handed the hands of St. John Knights of Malta, Rhodes, who in the early 16th century transferred to Malta. When the Knights of Malta even before this there miraculous icon Filermosa and a piece of Jesus Cross of Calvary. Thus, these holy relics for the first time found themselves together. When in 1798 Napoleon and his army conquered the island of Malta, Jovanovce fled to Russia and handed over the sacred relics of the Russian Czar Paul I. The relics are from the 1798th to 1913th kept in the church Pawlowski Parliament, that is, during the reign of the Romanovs. Holy relics are annually 40 days exhibited for inspection believers. Thousands of Russians are, in an immense long column, move to the parliament to adore this unique Holies.

After the October Revolution of 1918 in Russia and the takeover of power by the Bolsheviks, the holy relics were transferred in 1919 in Copenhagen, and in 1933 in Berlin. As in Germany showed the danger from the Nazis hand st. John, a piece of the cross on Golgotha ​​and the miraculous icon Filermosa were transferred in 1934 in Belgrade. Specifically, under the advice of Maria Alexandrovna, the mother of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II, Antony Hrapovicky, head of the Russian Orthodox Church, gave the sacred relics of the Yugoslav King Alexander Karadjordjevic. These extremely significant relics in the world Christianity are stored in the Royal Palace in white, but not for long. When the German occupation troops arrived in April 1941 in Belgrade Sanctuaries had already been taken away to Montenegro and hidden in the Ostrog monastery. In the monastery were from 1941 to 1951. As the new state was not inclined to religion, seized the sacred relics of the monastery in 1951 and has provided them to the State Museum in Cetinje.

After 27 years hand st. John and a fraction of Jesus' Cross received its place in Cetinje Monastery, a miraculous icon Filermosa to further remains. at the Museum. A more detailed story about the history and journeys sacred relics can be heard from the monks and guide when visiting the Monastery of Cetinje, which the holy sites talking with a lot of sensitivity and religious inspiration. Going through the rich treasury of the monastery, travels through time from the 13th to the 20th century and meets the spiritual and cultural treasure of Montenegro.

In podlovćenskom city on all sides of the cultural monuments and cultural workers, and recently more and cultural events, theater performances, concerts, exhibitions and other cultural events.

In addition to the famous Zeta Theatre, Cetinje has one of the best cultural and artistic associations in Montenegro, who regularly perform folk dances and concerts. It is KUD 'Njegoš', whose name they learned and the inhabitants of many countries.

We suggest you visit the monastery church at Ćipuru in which are buried the mortal remains of King Nikola Petrovic, the last king to rule dvjestagodišnjoj Petrovic dynasty, in his life of Queen Milena and their daughter Xenia. The remains master of Montenegro Ivana Crnojevića waiting still in the museum to be buried in a mausoleum to be built for his final resting place.

Lovcen National Park

Natural and historic values ​​of the Lovcen area, as well as the final resting place of Njegoš, were reason enough to declare this area a national park, which covers an area of ​​6400 hectares. The highest point of the park is LOVĆENSKA top Štirovnik (1749 m) where there is a television relay. Slightly lower the Lakeland peak (1660 m), which rises above the Njeguška field, and on it the Mausoleum of the Montenegrin great Njegoš, the lord of Montenegro and the great poet. He was buried here as they wish. Njegoš mausoleum, the work of world-renowned sculptor Ivana Mestrovic and numerous constructors of this marble colossus, is set on the site of the former chapel where Njegos was buried.

In the lobby of the mausoleum there are two stone caryatids, Montenegrin and daughters, heavy by 7, 5 tons. In the front of the mausoleum is located imposing figure of Njegoš of the most beautiful and finest stone, heavy 28 tons, and over it a golden eagle. Above NjegoSeve figures, above the firmament, glittering gold leaf. To vault decorated worthy of a great man who rests beneath him, spent 18 kilograms of gold.

Down in the crypt is the final resting place Njegoševo. Get down the stairs. On the tombstone plate reads: 'Njegoš 1813 -1851'. He died, as can be seen, in the prime of life.

Njegoš mausoleum was built in the period 1969 -1974. year. For its construction was spent several thousand tons of stone. From the foot of the entrance to the mausoleum built the 461 stairs. One part of the trail passes through an illuminated tunnel. To start your climb to the plateau of the Mausoleum coming by car from Cetinje (24 km), or from the nearby John's Gorge, and can be reached by passenger car with saddle Krstac on the road Kotor-Njegusi-Cetinje, because the road paved.

With Lovćena offers a breathtaking view of the Bay of Kotor, the open sea, Skadar Lake and Cetinje, and even on the distant Prokletije. When the weather is very nice and no haze over the sea and the mountains, it is possible to view the tops of Lovcen reach Italy and some mountains in Serbia.

 One of the most beautiful parts of the National Parks of Montenegro are certainly John troughs, which are on the east side Jezerski peak in one-wooded meadow plateau. There is the famous resort for children, which is in the winter months. Above the resort's ski slopes, where the snow during a ski lift. The resort also has a clinic for medical services, two restaurants, a mountain lodge and base for extreme sports.

On the slopes of Mount Lovcen back in 1893. Norwegian Henrik Angel started skiing in Montenegro. In memory of him, set up a ski cup 'Angel'.

On the hilly course - Cetinje are held every year in car racing championship. In recent years, mountain roads Lovćena walkthrough and cyclists.

As this area is rich in medicinal herbs and berries, often visited by tourists and for these reasons. There is enough and dairy products, especially high-quality cheese that is made by Njeguši procedure.

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